Monday, March 31, 2008

Cicada Molting


Cicada is an insect of the order Hemiptera, suborder Auchenorrhyncha, in the superfamily Cicadoidea.

Physical Appearance:

  • Large eye apart on the head and usually transparent
  • well-veined wing
  • membranous front wings
  • short antennae protruding between or in front of the eyes

The adult insect, sometimes called an imago , is usually 2 to 5 cm (1 to 2 inches ) long, although some tropical species can reach 15 cm (6"), e.g. Pomponia imperatoria from Malaysia.

After mating, the female cuts slits into the bark of a twig, and into these she deposits her eggs. She may do so repeatedly, until she has laid several hundred eggs. When the eggs hatch, the newborn nymphs drop to the ground, where they burrow. Most cicadas go through a life cycle that lasts from two to five years. Some species have much longer life cycles up to 13-year life cycle depends on their species.

The insects spend most of the time that they are underground as nymphs at depths ranging from about 30 cm (1 ft ) up to 2.5 m (about 8½ ft). The nymphs feed on root juice and have strong front legs for digging.

In the final nymphal instar , they construct an exit tunnel to the surface and emerge. They then moult (shed their skins), on a nearby plant for the last time and emerge as adults. .



This picture shows the abandoned skins remain, still clinging to the bark of trees. I took these pictures during the fieldwork at Ulu Bendul, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

There are so many exoskeleton of Cicada after the molting process.


I got a young cicada at the tract of Ulu Bendul Waterfall.

Cicada molting

Sunday, March 30, 2008

Post Doct Fellow- CIS UKM


Dr. Muhammad Rahim Khan
Post.Doc. Fellow UKM (February 2008- December 2008)
Nationality: Pakistani
Specialty: Agricultural Entomology
Research Area of PHD: Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Profession: Associate Professor in Kashmir University
Special Interest: Flori culture (Having own Flori culture farm in Kashmir)
E-mail: mrkhan40@yahoo.com

Thursday, March 27, 2008

Secretary of CIS


Mr.Johari Jalinas
Secretary CIS/Tutor
School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences,
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,
Campus Bangi,
Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan,
Malaysia.
No.Phone: 0172713033
E-mail: johari_j@ukm.my, joharijalinaszakaria@gmail.com

PHD Students-CIS


Name: Norhafiza Ahmad Fazili
Field of Study: PHD Entomology(UKM)
Systematic (Subfamily Ichneumoninae)
July 2007-July 2009
E-mail: norhafiza_ahmadfazili@yahoo.com


Name: Asmanizar
Field of Study: Phd Entomology
Research:Pest Storage
E-mail:nizar_312@yahoo.com
Position: Lecturer of Entomology,Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic University of North Sumatera, Indonesia.


Name:Izfa Riza Hazmi
Field of Study: PHD Insect Systematic
Coleoptera (Chrysomelidae)
Place of Study: Universitat Koblenz-Landau, Germany
(17th of March 2008-16th of March 2011)
E-mail: ladies_ifza@yahoo.com


Name: Alia Rizki
Field of Study: PHD Zoology
Research in Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Biogeography of genus Bactrocera Macquat
(Diptera: Tephritidae) of Malaysia.
Julay 2007-July 2010
E-mail: alia_rizki@yahoo.com

Research Assistant-CIS


Name: Muhamad Fahmi Bin Muhamad Halil
Position: Research Assistant Prof Dr. Idris Abd Ghani
E-mail: mfahmi85@yahoo.com

Master Students-CIS


Name: Norliyana Haslin Binti Alias
Field of Study: Msc Zoology (UKM)
Research in Diversity of Braconidae specific in Subfamily Orgilinae
(July 2007-July 2009)
E-mail: norliemy@yahoo.com


Name: Norhaslinda Binti Arun
Field of Study: Msc Entomology(UKM)
Fauna (Cicada) Homoptera in Johor
(July 2007-July 2008)
E-mail: norhaslindarun81@yahoo.com


Name: Tamalia Amanda Putri Binti Othman
Field of Study: Msc Zoology (UKM)
Research in Taxanomy- Genus: Theronia in Malaysia
(July 2007-July 2009)

Curator of Center for Insects Systematic UKM



Mohd Fauzi Bin Mohd Muzamil

Lab Assistant,
School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences,
Faculty of Science and Technology,
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,
Campus Bangi,
Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan,
Malaysia
Phone Number: 0123763016
E-mail: mfmm@pkrisc.cc.ukm.my

Atlas Moth

Attacus atlas
video

Wednesday, March 26, 2008

Life Cycle of Butterfly

video

A list of various institutions and research centers that house existing insect collections in Malaysia

Insect Collection

Museum
The Sarawak Museum, Kuching
Sabah Museum, Kota Kinabalu
The Sabah Park Museum, Kinabalu Park, Sabah

Federal/State Departments
Sabah Forest Research Center, Sepilok, Sandakan
Sarawak Forest Research Center, Kuching
Department of Agriculture, Malaysia
Department of Agriculture, Semenggok, Sarawak
Department of Agriculture, Tuaran, Sabah

Research Institutions
Forest Research Institute, Kepong, Selangor
Institute of Medical Research Malaysia, KL
Malaysian Agriculture Research and Development Institute, Serdang, Selangor

Universities
Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor
Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor
Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang
Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah

insect mating

video video

Lepidoptera







Family of Lepidoptera




Family: Uraniidae


Family: Sphingidae

Family of Lepidoptera


Family:Papilionidae


Family:Pieridae


Family:Geometridae


Family: Noctuidae


Family: Nymphalidae

Family of Lepidoptera


Family: Arctiidae


Family: Ctenuchidae


Family: Hesperidae


Family: Nymphalidae

Sunday, March 23, 2008

New Club for Entomologist Group in Malaysia



‘Wish to become a part of a larger community of entomologist? Share expertise and learn from others who are more experienced and knowledgeable? We are welcoming all members who genuinely seeking fresh information in entomology to join our new club. Be a part of us who convey the passion for insect to everyone……


Objectives:


  1. To create a tool of communication among members
  2. To nurture and develop passion across the entomology field
  3. Creating fun, experiencing pleasure and intrinsic rewards among insect maniac!
  4. To practice patience and steady hand in dealing with an enourmous number of insect specimens


For those who are interested to join this group. Please contact:

Mr.Johari Jalinas
Tutor,
School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences,
Faculty of Science and Technology (FST),
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM),
Campus Bangi,
Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan,
Malaysia.
No.Phone: 0172713033
E-mail: johari_j@ukm.my, joharijalinaszakaria@gmail.com

Miss Raja Zalinda Raja Jamil
Tutor,
Department of Biology,
Faculty of Science and Technology,
Sultan Idris University of Education (UPSI),
Perak Darul Ridzuan,
Malaysia.
No.Phone:05-4506439/0162487605
E-mail: rzalinda@upsi.edu.my, linda_fakhri@yahoo.com

Friday, March 21, 2008

Practical of Entomology


Students of Bachelor of Science Biology (Genetic,UKM) were doing their lab work for entomology lab. They were really busy pinning their insects collection.




After the pinning process, the insects were incubated in the incubator for few days.



Then, the insects were put into the insect box.

STAB 2213-Entomology



UNIVERSITI KEBANGSAAN MALAYSIA (UKM)

Course: STAB 2213 Entomology

School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences

Faculty Science and Technology, UKM.

2007/2008 semester 2

Name of Lecturers: Prof Idris Abd Ghani, Prof Zaidi Md Isa,and Wee Suk Ling

Name of Tutors: Miss Izfa Riza Hazmi and Mr.Johari Jalinas

Name of Lab Instructors: Mr.Ruslan Md Yusop and Mr. Mohd Fauzi Mohd Muzamil

Lecture:

Day Time No. Hours Rooms

Tuesday 12.00pm-1.00pm 1 BS2109K

Wednesday 12.00pm-1.00pm 1 404BSG133H

Thursday 12.00pm-1.00pm 1 404BSG132H

Practical:

Day Time No. Hours Rooms

Friday 3.00pm-5.00pm 2 Lab of Entomology

Bachelor Science of Biology (Genetic)



BIL

No.Pend

Nama

1

A110590

YONG WENG WAI

2

A110719

ACGA CHENG

3

A110743

CHEE JINQ SHYAN

4

A110792

NG CHUN YANG

5

A110854

TAN EILEEN

6

A110904

WONG PUI SI

7

A110940

JEREMY LEOW WEN HSIUNG

8

A110950

YEAP WEI KEAT

9

A110984

CHEE KIN YIP

10

A110997

LIM JI MING

11

A111011

TOH TENG JIAN

12

A111088

TAN SING YEW

13

A111093

THURESH A/L MANOHARAN

14

A111114

LOOK ZI HUI

15

A111120

CHAN KWAI PING

16

A111310

NG BOON HEIN

17

A113511

SITI NORHAYATI BINTI ISMAIL

18

A113578

NURAZREEN BT RODI

19

A113629

NOR FAIRUZ BT. RAMLI

20

A113688

RIFHAN AZWANI BINTI MAZLAN

21

A113715

ANIS DIANA BINTI ISMAIL

22

A113808

MOHD SOLIHEN BIN JAMAL

23

A114045

FARAH WAHIDAH BINTI NIK OMAR

24

A114074

NUR AFIQAH BT JAYA

25

A114082

ELANI LAILI BINTI JUHARI

26

A114690

MOHD AMINUDIN B MUSTAPHA

27

A114858

LEGASRI A/P NAGARAJU

28

A114873

AMMAR BIN OSMAN




Thursday, March 20, 2008

Allah S.W.T Explains The important of Insects in Al-Quran

Honey as a Medicine

Surah An-Nahl:68&69

And Lord Inspired the Bees, Saying:"Take you habitations in the mountains and in the trees and in what they erect (68). "Then, eat of all fruits, and follow the ways of your Lord made easy (for you)." There comes forth from their bellies, a drink of varying color wherein is healing for men. Verily, in this indeed a sign for people who think (69)

Tuesday, March 18, 2008

Penyelidikan jadi teras tugas pensyarah

Ahli-ahli akademik di Universiti mempunyai dwifungsi yakni untuk menyampaikan ilmu (penyelidikan). Kedua-dua kegiatan ini sama pentingnya dan suatu rumusan yang seimbang haruslah dicari untuk kemajuan universiti ini khasnya dan juga negara amnya. Sepanjang 35 tahun sejak penubuhan UKM pada tahun 1970, ahli-ahli akademik telah giat melakukan penyelidikan dalam berbagai-bagai jurusan keilmuan yang relevan yang bangsa dan negara.

Kegiatan penyelidikan telah menjadi satu teras utama dalam tugas-tugas seorang pensyarah. Sudah pastilah penyelidikan di Universiti yang multi disiplin ini meliputi hampir keseluruhan spektrum kegiatan manusia termasuklah sejarah, kebudayaan, sains, teknologi, pengajian Islam dan kesihatan. Hasil-hasil penyelidikan telah dibentang dalam berbagai-bagai persidangan, diterbitkan sebagai buku atau majalah-majalah dalam jurnal tempatan mahupun antarabangsa. Ada juga hasil penyelidikan yang berpotensi untuk kemajuan masyarakat.

Selain daripada peruntukan Universiti yang berjumlah RM1 juta setahun dan juga dana luar, UKM mulai 1988 telah memperolehi peruntukan dari program IRPA (Intensification Research in Priority Areas) dari pihak kerajaan untuk menjalankan penyelidikan dalam empat sektor iaitu sektor Pertanian, Industri, Perubatan dan Strategik. Di antara tahun 1988 hingga 1990, UKM telah memperolehi peruntukan sebanyak RM19,242,345 untuk 81 projek jangka panjang.

Bagi Rancangan Malaysia Keenam (1991-1995) UKM telah diperuntukkan sebanyak RM41,777,976 untuk keempat-empat sektor untuk tempoh tersebut ialah 360. Pencapaian projek penyelidikan di bawah program IRPA sangat memberangsangkan dan beberapa projek telah mula dikomersilkan.

Untuk menunjukkan iltizam yang bersungguh dari UKM terhadap aktiviti penyelidikan, pusat kecemerlangan (centres of excellence) telah ditubuhkan di peringkat Universiti seperti Institut Alam dan Tamadun Melayu (ATMA), Institut Alam Sekitar dan Pembangunan (LESTARI), Institut Kajian Masyarakat (IKMAS), Unit Penyelidikan Mutu Makanan dan Pusat Sistematik Serangga. Antara beberapa pusat kecemerlangan yagn sedang dalam perancangan adalah yang meliputi bidang pengajian strategik dan keselamatan, kajian polisi dan praktis percukaian, kajian kegagalan cerun dan gelinciran tanah dan juga di bidang termoplastik dan komposit.

UKM dijangka memperolehi peruntukan yang lebih besar dalam Rancangan Malaysia Ketujuh (1996-2000) dalam bidang penyelidikan. Oleh yang demikian untuk memastikan kelancaran perjalanan pengurusan penyelidikan di UKM di samping mendapat hasil yang maksimum, satu unit yang dinamakan Pengurusan Penyelidikan telah ditubuhkan. Fungsi unit ini ialah menyelaraskan segala urusan penyelidikan di UKM yang melibatkan laporan, urusan kewangan, latihan kepada penyelidik dan juga sebagai penghubung dengan pihak luar. Dengan kerjasama Biro Rundingan dan Kembangan, hasil-hasil penyelidikan yang berpotensi akan dikomersilkan.-Bernama

Order of Insects


Phasmatodea and Orthoptera

The Orthoptera (from the Greek orthos = "straight" and pteron = "wing") are an order of insects with paurometabolous or incomplete metamorphosis, including the grasshoppers, crickets and locusts. Many insects in this order produce sound (known as a "stridulation") by rubbing their wings against each other or their legs, the wings or legs containing rows of corrugated bumps. The tympanum or ear is located in the front tibia in crickets, mole crickets, and katydids. These organisms use vibrations to locate other individuals.

The Phasmatodea are an order of insects, whose members are variously known as stick insects (in Europe), walking sticks (in the United States of America), ghost insects and leaf insects (generally the family Phyliidae). The ordinal name is derived from the Greek "phasma" meaning an apparition or phantom, and refers to the resemblance of many species to sticks or leaves.



Coleoptera

Beetles are a group of insects which have the largest number of species. They are placed in the order Coleoptera, which means "sheathed wing" and contains more described species than in any other order in the animal kingdom, constituting about twenty-five percent of all known life-forms



Lepidoptera

The order Lepidoptera is the one of the most speciose orders in the class Insecta and includes the butterflies, and moths .


Hemiptera-Cicada

Hemiptera is an order of insects, comprising around 80,000 species of cicadas, aphids, planthoppers, leafhoppers, shield bugs, and others, collectively known as the true bugs

A cicada is an insect of the order Hemiptera, suborder Auchenorrhyncha, in the superfamily Cicadoidea, with large eyes wide apart on the head and usually transparent, well-veined wings. There are about 2,500 species of cicada around the globe, and many remain unclassified. Cicadas live in temperate to tropical climates where they are among the most widely recognized of all insects, mainly due to their large size and remarkable acoustic talent


Odonata

Odonata is an order of insects, encompassing dragonflies (Anisoptera) and damselflies (Zygoptera). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odonata







Butterfly Park, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia

One such attraction is the Kuala Lumpur Butterfly Park, just a stone's throw from the Kuala Lumpur Bird Park. The Butterfly Park houses more than 6,000 butterflies from 120 exotic species.

The park is an imitation of the butterfly's natural habitat. It includes more than 15,000 plants from 100 species that has been painstakingly landscaped to resemble a Malaysian rainforest atmosphere.

Contributing to the Butterfly Park's beautiful landscape is a uniquely designed hydro-pond built with a limestone path right in the centre. Surrounding this hydro-pond is a gazebo, commanding a breathtaking view.


Moth or butterfly? could someone differentiate between the moth and butterfly. both of them are lepidoptera





We can attract butterflies with a number of nectar producing plants. Butterflies prefer plants with large petals that provide a perch, though multiple small florets will also attract them. Butterflies are attracted to purple flowers, followed by yellows, pinks and whites.


life cycle and metamorphosis of Lepidoptera. too short, but too many steps.




There is a nursery and breeding area for the butterflies. The park includes both preserved and live specimens, totaling 1,230 species in all. Facilities include an informative insect museum.

There is also a souvenir shop near the exit selling lots of local handicrafts and framed butterflies and beetles. You can enjoy a glimpse of butterflies at this unique park!




http://www.flickr.com/photos/johari_jalinas/